Adjectives distant from their nouns - Input Junkie
Adjectives distant from their nouns|
(George Bernard) Shaw Shavian
Cantabrigian is somewhat distant from Cambridge.
poor / poverty
Muscovite/Muscovian/Moscovian / Moscow
There's a whole family of Latin family adjectives that go with avuncular, although some of the nouns also have English-sounding adjectives (e.g. motherly, brotherly). I guess uncle-ly and son-ly don't work, though.
mother / maternal
father / paternal
sister / sororal
brother / fraternal
son/daughter / filial
Continuing in the Latin vein, there's also
Jupiter / Jovian
moon / lunar
cat / feline
dog / canine
Ooh! And thinking of those family ones: how about wife/uxorial?
Continuing with the Latin, there's
snake/herpetol or something like that.
Thank you. I didn't know that word.
justice / judicial
"Attic" is a reference to Attica
, the region in which Athens is located... same as "laconic" is a reference to Laconia
, the region in which Sparta is located.
In which case, does "Los Angeles / Californian" work? :-)
Well, it's Angeleno, really.
|Date:||November 8th, 2009 03:46 pm (UTC)|| |
|Date:||November 11th, 2009 04:07 am (UTC)|| |
"Cytherean" is the scientifically preferred adjective for the planet Venus.
|Date:||November 8th, 2009 05:46 pm (UTC)|| |
...because "Venereal" is right out. :)
"Gubernatorial" and "avuncular" are adjectives derived directly from the Latin root words that became "governor" and "uncle" after being distorted through medieval French. I think you'll find a lot of these word pairs have the same relationship. Either that one or the Anglo-Saxon/French one that the livestock/meat words ginamariewade
alludes to possess.
I wish we made kids read a good book on the languages of the world in school, so this all would be clearer for them. Mario Pei's old The Story of Language
is old-fashioned in its prose and probably its scholarship as well, but I don't know of a better modern book for the general public.
I love The Story of Language.
|Date:||November 11th, 2009 04:12 am (UTC)|| |
The one I came up with is lens/lenticular, which is also straight from the Latin. ("Lentis" is the genitive of "lens"; it was only recently that I realized that lenses, as in eyes, eyeglasses, and spyglasses, are so-called because they are shaped like lentils.)
Straying into nouns, I've always been puzzled
by such words as
apogee-perigee (for orbits around Earth)
apoapsis-periapsis (the generic terms)
aphelion-perihelion (for solar orbits)
apastron-periastron (for orbits around a star)
apocynthion-pericynthion (for the Moon; but Heinlein used "aposelenion" in The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
and NASA has more often used "apolune")
There should be a whole family of words corresponding to orbits around various classically-named planets, but they are scarcely used.
cross/cruciform? (or possible crucial, but I'm not sure about that one)
well sorry for breaking in
year - annual
ring - annular
night - nocturnal
city - urban
people - popular
|Date:||December 3rd, 2015 05:42 pm (UTC)|| |
Re: well sorry for breaking in
No apology needed-- seeing this makes me glad I check my replies-to page.
If you don't mind, how did you find the post?
Re: well sorry for breaking in
I got interested in the phenomenon that many English nouns have Latin adjectives and googled for something like "canine feline Jovian lunar solar" to find more examples :)